This page features a compilation and selection of Indonesian seed industry news briefs, summaries and leads, with an emphasis on events that impact or affect provinces, regions, counties, cities and locales in the Republic of Indonesia
The news covers trends and events regarding seed regulation, testing, legislation, phytosanitary issues, intellectual property rights, biotechnology (genomics, gene-editing) plant breeding, agronomy and cropping, with original sources linked.
This page will be updated throughout the year, with most recent stories on top.
Floods submerge rice crops in Hulu Sungai Selatan District: Feb 23: The South Hulu Sungai District Government in South Kalimantan is providing seed assistance to farmers whose crops have been affected by flooding. A total of 1,835 hectares of rice fields were flooded with some areas still submerged. Initial assistance included 2.5 tons of rice seeds for 100 hectares of rice fields. The submerged areas included Angkinang, Kandangan, Padang Batung, Kalumpang, Simpur, and Telaga Langsat sub-districts. Original story in Indonesian here and here
Growing fruit and ornamental plants with tissue culture: Feb 18: New techniques of tissue culture have been developed to target crops of fruit and ornamental plants, such as orchids. Tissue culture is used to obtain uniform plant seeds with the same quality of the parent. For fruit trees the ministry has developed tissue culture methods for 80 types of bananas, and are also developing tissue cultures for grapes and taro. Original story in Indonesian here
Corn seed aid for Gorontalo Province: February 16: The Agency for Agricultural Research and Development is preparing 4 tons of corn seeds to aid farmers in Gorontalo Province. There are three types of corn seeds that will be provided, HJ 21, Nasa 29 and Bima 20, which are fast maturing and drought resistant. Original story in Indonesian here and here.
South Sulawesi as a 'corn seed granary': Feb 16: Video report South Sulawesi Governor Nurdin Abdullah declared South Sulawesi Province, and Bone Regency in particular, as a “granary” for corn seeds for eastern Indonesia. Governor Nurdin stated that he hopes that farmers will no longer face difficulty obtaining seeds.
Urban farming trend spurs seed sales: Feb 11: Urban farming is a new trend and activity that is gaining in popularity, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic as people stay at home more. Director General of Horticulture Prihasto Setyanto sees the growth of urban farming in the past year as an extraordinary phenomenon that has caused a fivefold increase in the sale of seeds, both for vegetable crops and ornamental plants. The export of ornamental plants has also increased by three times, growing from 105 million in 2019 to over 333 million in 220. In support of this trend, the Directorate General of Horticulture has launched urban farming initiatives and assistance the form of chili and shallot seeds, organic fertilizers and environmentally friendly pest control. Original story in Indonesian here
Maize targets for West Sumatra: January 24: Corn production in West Sumatra Province in 2020 amounted to 935,716 tons, or less than 59,465 tons from the production target of 995,201 tons, or 94.02 percent. Part of the reason for the shortfall is the adoption of rice farming on land previously to grow maize. Demand for corn in West Sumatra amounts to 1.2 million tons per year, meaning a shortfall of local maize production of 200,000 tons per year. To further increase production the West Sumatra Provincial Government will target the utilisation of idle land, which has now reached 200,000 hectares. Original story in Indonesian here
ASBENINDO Chairman re-elected at 2021 Congress: The Indonesian Seed Association (ASBENINDO) on February 23rd 2021, held its Congress, which is organized once every five years. During the Congress, the association reelected its chairman, Mr. Ricky Gunawan, whose new tenure will be from 2021-2026. The Congress has mandated that the chairman within three months organize the management of association for the 2021-2026 period, so that the new management can improve and implement articles of association, projects, programs and other association activities and matters. For more details about ASBENINDO, see here.
The Ministry of Agriculture touts development of superior soybean varieties: February 22: Currently under development in North Sulawesi, the Devon 1 and Detap 1 varieties have shown high productivity and resistance to pod breaking. Resulting in higher yields. More details in Indonesian news here.
Domestic super soybean seed producers aim to reduce dependence on soybean imports: February 19: A domestic seed company has been able to produce seeds with a very high productivity, reaching 3.2 tons per hectare, a large increase compared to average local soybean production of 1.2 tons per hectare. A pilot demonstration took place on a 10 hectare plot in Jember Regency. The company will further expand the planting area for superior quality soybean seeds in demonstration plots in Malang and Bondowoso with a total production target of around 100 tons of seeds per year. See news here.
Improving Katamobagu rice varieties prioritized: January 2021:
The Kotamobagu government, through the Kotamobagu Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (DPP) will prioritize local rice seed purification programs in 2021. The aim is to ensure that Serayu rice from the Bolaang Mongondow Raya regency (BMR) is immediately registered with the Ministry of Agriculture (Kementan) and thus made available as a superior commodity in BMR. To achieve this, the Kotamobagu DPP will cooperate with the North Sulawesi (North Sulawesi) Province Supervision and Certification Testing Center in selection and improvement of local rice varieties. More in Indonesian here.
National soybean seed multiplication program commences: January 2021:
The Ministry of Agriculture has prepared six ‘superior’ soybean varieties to be sown in the coming 200 days through to August. The six varieties are named Detap 1, Dega 1, Dena 1, Dering 1, Anjasmoro and Grobogan, respectively and are the result of development from the Ministry of Agriculture's Balitkabi Seed Management Unit (UPBS) and would be harvested by April, July and November 2021. Based on Indonesia’s national soybean program covering an area of 125,000 hectares, 1,788 kilograms of Breeder Seeds will be multiplied into as much as 28,611 kilograms of Foundation Seeds, which will be further multiplied into more planting material by the Food Crops Seed Center (BPTP). More details here.
Superior seeds to be traced by barcodes: January 2021:
The Provincial Government of South Kalimantan, through the Center for Supervision and Certification of Seeds, the Office of Food Crops and Horticulture of South Kalimantan Province, are piloting a new system of seed label barcodes. It is believed that all provinces in Indonesia will adopt the model as part of the national plant seed labeling process. Prior to this, all premium or ‘superior’ quality seed units had been required to be assigned unique identity number. The serial numbers will now be upgraded into bar codes for better track and tracing capability nationwide. Read more in Indonesian article here.
Unauthorized seeds intercepted in West Papua: December 2020:
Officers of the Sorong Agricultural Quarantine Station in West Papua announced they have destroyed unauthorized imported crop and plant seeds that were intercepted in the post. These include vegetable seeds and roses from Malaysia, ornamental plant seeds from China, pistachio nuts from New Zealand, as well as philodendron and aglaonema seeds from the Solomon Islands. Officials said the seeds and plant material were not accompanied by a Plant Health Certificate, Phytosanitary Certificate or an Import Permit from the Minister of Agriculture as required by law, and owners of the parcels were not identified. More details in Indonesian here.
Covid 19 seed assistance for horticulture farmers: December 2020:
To address the impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic on food security and the economy, especially regarding horticultural farmers, the Ministry of Agriculture through the Director of Seeds of the Directorate General of Horticulture has provided seed assistance to farmers in 71 districts / cities across Indonesia. For the Bengkalis Regency, the seed assistance has been channeled through the Bengkalis Regency Agriculture Service (Distan) and covers 10 types of seeds, including those for cayenne pepper, curly chili, sweet corn, cucumber, long beans, Kangkung, eggplant, spinach and watermelon. More details here and here.
Minister of Agriculture supports ornamental plant output: December 2020:
Indonesia’s Minister of Agriculture Syahrul Yasin Limpo has echoed support to bolster production of ornamental plants. Through to the second quarter of 2020, output of ornamental plants reached 342,422,645 pieces, while the export volume reached 4,176,294 kg, which yielded US$ 12.1 million in value. More details here.
East Java aero-seeding reforestation. December 2020:
The Governor of East Java Khofifah Indar Parawansa has endorsed aero-seeding reforestation efforts to restore degraded land. Using helicopters, some 3.5 tons of plant seeds were sown around Mount Arjuno, Mount Wilis and Mount Kawi. The types of seeds that are spread include sengon (Buto, Tekik), tamarind, wadang, trengguli, suren, tamarind clerek, saga, indigofera, teak, mahogany, spathodea, acacia, tailings, maton, guava, longan, jackfruit, vertiver, lamtoro and maesopsis. "Aero-seeding is the most appropriate method for revegetating the environment, especially in areas that are difficult to reach by land, for example in mountainous areas," said Khofifah. Read more in Indonesian here.
Counterfeit corn seed syndicate interrupted: December 2020:
Three persons have been arrested as suspects of “a network of counterfeiters of superior corn seeds with billions of rupiah in turnover”. The suspects, aged 36, 32 and 34, are accused of duping farmers in the Bangil District (Pasuruan Regency, East Java) with counterfeit corn seeds, when yields that did not live up to expectations. The suspected corn seeds were seeds and an investigation determined that the seeds were ‘counterfeit’. Two more suspects are at large: Read more details in Indonesian here.
Riau boosts rice target for 2021: December 2020:
The Riau Provincial Government (Pemprov) via the Food, Food Crops and Horticulture Service (DPTPH) has set a rice production target for 2021 to be 214,210 tons, which would be about 34 percent of the anticipated domestic consumption demand. In 2019, Riau's rice production reached 23.6 percent or as much as 147,090 tons of the total rice consumption needs of Riau residents which reached 623,274 tons. In order to meet the new target, “local superior seeds” will be promoted and it is planned to “increase the cropping index from a raw area of 62,689 hectares of rice fields to two crops a year by optimizing land and improving irrigation networks, implementing agricultural mechanization” More details in Indonesian news here.
Promoting hybrid rice to boost yields, reduce seed requirement: December 2020:
Among the many types of superior rice seeds now available, farmers in Indonesia are being encouraged to consider hybrid rice seeds. However, according to this news media report, the use of hybrid rice among farmers is still not optimal, owing to the higher price of hybrid rice seeds, which farmers consider too expensive. Nonetheless, advocates point out that hybrid rice varieties could increase yields by up to 25-30%, which could underline the prospect of up to 12 tons per hectare. The price of hybrid rice seeds was said to range from Rp. 80 thousand to Rp. 150 thousand per kg. This is compared to the price of inbred rice seeds, of about IDR 10,000 per kg. However, the seed requirement is much less (due to higher quality, germination, et el): for hybrid rice seeds, only one rice seed is needed per planting hole, while inbred rice seeds need at least 2-3 seeds per planting hole. Thus, the hybrid rice seed requirement for one hectare is only 15 kg, compared to 25 kg of inbred rice seeds per hectare.
Quality corn seeds distributed as economic aid: December 2020:
Dozens of farmer groups in Rote Ndao Regency have received 11,250 tons of corn seed assistance as part of the government assistance program. The seeds were procured and distributed after farmers complained of a lack of quality corn seeds during the ongoing economic recess. They complained about the lack of seeds. Report in Indonesian news here.
Cooperative Farmers protest ‘inferior’ rice seed: December 2020:
A state-owned farmers cooperative has claimed it suffered “hundreds of millions of rupiah” in losses due to a Seed Trial Program. Seeds were expected to yield between 10 and 12 tons of rice per hectare, but the cooperative claims it was only able to achieve 4-6 tons per hectare. An investigation and negotiations are ongoing. Indonesian news here.
Superior shallot, onion seeds distributed as Covid relief: December 2020:
The price of shallots in Indonesia this year is very high compared to the previous year, owing in part to the failure of the onion harvest linked to flooding earlier in the year as well as Covid-19 related complications. In response, the Ministry of Agriculture is expanding shallot cultivation via distribution of superior “True Shallot Seeds” in affected areas in East Java and West Java. The superior seeds reduce bulb storage burdens, and can also provide better yields than saved bulbs. Moreover, in East Java, there are several onion planting centers that have started shifting to seeds over tubers. More details in Indonesian here.
More superior corn seeds requested for Mukomuko: December 2020:
The Agriculture Office of Mukomuko Regency, Bengkulu Province, has requested assistance in the form of superior corn seeds, proposed to be planted on some 1,500 hectares of agricultural land. The area of agricultural land proposed to receive superior corn seed assistance was previously reported to be 1,447 hectares, but the figure was adjusted to be 1,500 hectares. More details here.
University Hasanuddin and ICDF link up for quality rice seed R&D: December 2020:
To support the development of quality rice seeds in Eastern Indonesia, University Hasanuddin’s Faculty of Agriculture has engaged the International Cooperation and Development Fund (ICDF) Taiwan. Furthermore, the Faculty of Agriculture has conducted paddy seed breeding activities in seven districts in South Sulawesi, such as Gowa, Sidrap, Pinrang, and Soppeng, with a land area covering approximately 330 hectares. Read more details here.
Local swears by unconventional way of cultivating quality vanilla
KOTAMOBAGU: a resident of Upai Village in the Kotamobagu Utara District of North Sulawesi has come up with a unique way of cultivating vanilla plants using using concrete poles as planting media with paranet shade to protect from pest attacks. According to him, as reported here, the method is very effective, not only for the plants’ growth but in preserving quality of the crop, and thus commanding a good price. Conventional methods of growing vanilla utilize other living trees, which is precisely what makes the quality and thus price fall, since the fragrance is absorbed by the tree.
Met warns that August cold weather could harm crops, elderly
MALANG - The Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysical Agency (BMKG) Karangploso Climatology Station in Malang Regency has cautioned locals to look after themselves and take necessary precaution to protect crops in August, as temperatures are expected to plummet. As of early August, the lowest temperature in this area had dipped to 14 degrees Celsius. According to this report, cold temperatures in the dry season are commonplace, with cooler weather usually lasting from May to September. The lowest temperatures vary each year, but have been particularly cold in recent years, with reports of frost.
Funds to boost agriculture, food crops and horticulture: ‘Quality seeds key’
SOUTH SULAWESI: The Ministry of Agriculture has approved financial assistance for the agriculture sector worth IDR10.8 billion ($735,000). This includes IDR 4.7 bn ($421,600) for the horticulture sector, IDR2.7 bn ($184,700) for food crops; IDR538 million ($36,815) for plantations, as well as funds for various other projects. According to the Indonesia Monitor, the ministry is pushing for farmers to grow more corn, rice, vegetables, garlic and fruits in addition to more livestock. Moreover, according to this report, the Minister of Agriculture, “is aggressively pushing to increase production of staple food” to mitigate any potential supply issues in the wake of the ongoing pandemic, with an emphasis on diversifying local foods such as sago, cassava, corn, taro, potatoes and bananas. Meanwhile, The Director General of Horticulture, during a recent visit to a Horticultural Crops Center in the Gowa Regency of South Sulawesi Province stated that quality seeds would be critical to success in increasing production and competitiveness by as much as 50% . Regarding the supply of quality seeds, the chief said the role of the Horticultural Centers (BBH) located throughout Indonesia would be vital, revealing that from 2021, the fulfillment of horticultural quality seed needs will be provided directly by the BBH. "
Jambi Coffee gains cultivation momentum, export potential
Farmers in the village of Sepintun, Pauh District of Sarolangun Regency are increasingly cultivating liberika coffee plants. The farmers get support from consultants of a Cappa Foundation as part of local sustainable development efforts According to this report, citing data from the Jambi Provincial Government, Kerinci Regency recently exported 15.9 tons of coffee to Singapore via Talang Duku Port, Jambi.
Watermelon productivity for pandemic resilience
DUALANG: As part of covid resilience efforts, plans are being initiated to grow watermelon on 30 hectares of land in the Dualang District in the Siak Regency of Riau Province, on the island of Sumatra. The target for the cultivation is to achieve 15 t/ha productivity, according to this article.
Orchid grower in Kendal sees covid sales boost
One orchid enthusiast in the Kendal Regency of Central Java is sparking interest in orchid cultivation after sales of his flowers reportedly rose by 50% during the pandemic period. According to this article, the farmer maintains that maintaining orchids is not difficult and the plants are cultivated using media such as mosses or ferns. Organic fertilizer (compost) can easily be made using peels of oranges or bananas as well as used rice-washing water and fermented aloe vera.
JUNE AND JULY 2020
Unemployed Bali workers returning home to farm
In the wake of coronavirus-induced economic turmoil, thousands of unemployed workers have returned to the village for sustenance farming. According to an article on New York Times, Bali’s tourism industry has been devastated after the popular tropical island destination banned foreign travellers between March and May. Left with no income or food, workers have returned to villages to grow crops.
IPM and EWS to aid in garlic self-sufficiency push
The Office of Communication and Information of the Province of East Java has published an article highlighting the implementation of Early Warning Systems (EWS) and Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in order to mitigate crop loss risks and thus improve self sufficiency for garlic. According to the article in Indonesian, the Directorate General of Horticulture’s forecast production during the current June-October cropping period to reach 28,910 tons, which would be entirely used as seed for subsequent cropping.
‘Food Crop’ Tissue Culture lab inaugurated in Pekalongan
A new Tissue Culture Laboratory in the Central Javan city of Pekalongan was inaugurated by the local government on July 22. The laboratory will be managed by the Department of Agriculture and Food of Pekalongan City and will support the development of food crops. Indonesian news here.
Quality Management System Certification for ‘Superior Seeds’
The Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture is encouraging the utilization of “superior seeds” through seed certification, and quality management systems. As conveyed during a recent webinar to address economic issues during the ongoing pandemic, an official from the Directorate of Horticultural Germination said that through to May 2020 there were as many as 3,009 horticultural varieties registered with the Ministry of Agriculture for distribution. These varieties consist of 868 varieties from 44 fruit crop commodities, 1,816 varieties from 39 vegetable crop commodities, 30 varieties from 10 medicinal plant commodities, and 295 varieties from 19 ornamental plant commodities. The article notes that according to the Ministry of Agriculture Regulation No. 48 of 2012, seeds from varieties that have been released / registered that are to be distributed must go through seed certification. The certification process is carried out by government agenciesas well as individuals / legal entities that have obtained a quality system certificate from the Institute of Food Crops and Horticultural Seed Quality System Certification (LSSM-BTPH). Until now there have been 32 seed producers and government agencies that already have a Quality Management System (SSM) certificate.
Moringa leaf production encouraged in Sidoarjo
A politician is encouraging the development of Moringa plant cultivation in parts of Sidoarjo, East Java, citing the strong demand abroad and thus export potential. According to this Indondesian article, there is a capacity to produce 40 tons of moringa leaves per week, whih would fill about 20% of the current export demand.
R&D yields promising onion, shallot varieties for commercialization
As part of efforts to stabilize supply and prices of onions and shallots, IPB University has conducted promising research which has been deemed a national priority. The research is a continuation of previous research conducted by the Center for Tropical Horticulture Studies (PKHT) Institute for Research and Community Service (LPPM) IPB University, which is looking at promising shallot and onion varieties that could be suitable alternatives to imported varieties. The Tajuk shallot variety is a productive lowland species that can yield 16 tons per hectare and is suitable in the dry and rain-resistant seasons, with adaptation areas in the lowlands of Nganjuk Regency, East Java. In addition, research was also conducted on shallots of SS Sakato variety, which can reportedly yield 28 tons per hectare and can thrive in the highlands of Solok Regency, West Sumatra. Seeds of these new varieties are not yet available in large quantities. Next, commercialization research activities will engage seed producers, farmers, processed shallot producers and consumers. Field trials will be carried out in farmer’s gardens with seeds and production facilities provided by the activity manager, while land and labor are provided by partner farmers. New varieties of shallot seeds will be mass produced in collaboration with breeder farmers or seed producers.The varieties obtained and the technology developed will be commercialized in several production centers through collaboration with producers or seed breeders. Production technology will be tested in Solok and Nganjuk. At present the production of shallots in Indonesia is dominated by Brebes Regency, Central Java, which accounts for about 19.32 percent of national production.Any disruptions in production can have an impact on market prices. Such volatility can be addressed by spreading out production centers that have different land and climate characteristics than Brebes.
Onion and shallot cultivation in West Lampung
A number of farmer groups — including women and youth groups — across West Lampung, Sumatra will see through programs to boost onion and shallot cultivation. According to a horticulture official cited in this Indonesian article in July, a shortage of garlics and shallots is anticipated this year. Garlic cultivation will be carried out in Lumbok Seminung Subdistrict as well as in the Sedampah Pekon and Padangcahya Pekon Balikbukit District. In addition, shallot cultivation will be carried out in various locations, inluding in Pekon Kagungan (Lumbok Seminung), Pekon Bahway (Balikbukit), Kotabesi (Batubrak) and Tigajaya (Sekincau).
Farmers in East Luwu Regency short on ‘superior seeds’ for rice sowing target
A horticulture official at the East Luwu Agriculture Office says there is a strong need for superior rice seeds in East Luwu. According to this Indonesian article, in order to meet targets to sow 21 thousand hectares of paddy, there is a need of 525 thousand kilograms of seed; however, at time of press, the office had only received 275 thousand kgs of seed from the Central government . This supplied seed was only enough to plant 11 thousand hectares of paddy fields, and if they community didn’t get superior government paddy seeds, the remaining 10,000 hectares would be planted by farm-saved seeds.
West Sumatra Gov hopes to increase rice productivity to 9 tons/ha
The West Sumatra Governor has urged stakeholders to cooperate in order to increase rice yields from to 8-9 tons per hectare, up from current average yields of 5-6 tons per hectare. The governor, Irwan Prayitno, made comments, together with West Sumatra Regional Police Chief Inspector General of Police Toni Harmanto, presiding over a rice harvest event in Nagari Minangkabau, Sungayang District, Tanahdatar Regency in early July. News here.
New high-yielding, disease-resistant upland rice variety released
The Ministry of Agriculture (Kementan) through the Agricultural Research and Development Agency (Balitbangtan) has released a new high-yielding “superior rice variety”: Biobestari Agritan is upland rice which has an average productivity of 5.8 tons per hectare with a potential yield of up to 7.5 tons per hectare. According to this article, the national productivity of upland rice in Indonesia is currently around 4 tons per hectare. In addition to high productivity and yield potential, the new variety also has advantages in resistance to bacterial leaf blight (HDB), blast resistance, tolerance to aluminum poisoning and drought tolerance.
Banyuasin strives to be number one in rice through quality seeds, inputs
The Regent of Banyuasin H Askolani SH MH is determined for his regency to become “the number one region as a national rice producer.”. According to this article, the Banyuasin Regency is currently the 4th largest rice-producing region, and the Banyuasin Regency Government will optimize four or five Districts that have high potential to be developed as food crop areas These four districts are Rantau Bayur, Rambutan, Tungkal Ilir, and Penuguan Strait Districts. “These four districts have enormous potential, but so far they have not been managed optimally and have not been touched by technology. As revealed by Askolani, Rantau Bayur Subdistrict has a planting area of 16,337 hectares, Rambutan District of 5,009 hectares, Tungkal Ilir 1,764 hectares and Strait of Penuguan 12,710 hectares and the planting area can still be developed further. Likewise, the Banyuasin III District with an area of 1,239 hectares can still be developed because many areas of rice fields have not been well managed so far. The future target, said Askolani, is in 2019 planting area of 213,813 hectares and by 2020 it will be able to reach an area of 263,368 hectares so that the harvested area and production will increase to 1,309,598 tons of MPD or the equivalent of 750,399 tons to maintain the National Food Barn,” the Regent was quoted. To reach the target will require increasing the use of quality seeds, fertilizer, soil management and processing, machinery pesticides and improving water management, waterways, water gates and dykes.
Vegetables to improve food security in Pariaman
This Indonesian article highlights efforts in Pariman city in in West Sumatra to improve local food security through the planting of various vegetables in a community demonstration plot, including spinach, kale, eggplants, string beans, cayenne pepper and some fruits.
Harvest of Seed Potato demo in West Sumatra
The West Sumatra Agricultural Technology Study Board (BPTP) completed its first harvest of seed potato, together with the Head of the Seed Supervision and Certification Center (BPSB) on an area of 0.8 hectares in the Sukarami Experimental Farm Science Park, Solok Regency on July 10. News here
Soybean production on the up in Maros
Attending a soybean harvest activity on 92 hectares in the Leang-Leang Village, Bantimurung District, Maros Regency on an area of 92 ha on July 14 was the Regent of Maros, Director of Various Beans and Tubers of the Ministry of Agriculture, Head of the Food Crops, Horticulture and Plantation Office of South Sulawesi Province. Soybean cultivation in the Leang-leang village is capable of producing Argomulyo soybeans that yield about 2 tons / ha. In his remarks, Maros Regent HM Hatta Rahman stated that there were 5 sub-districts that developed soybeans in Maros, one of which was in Bantimurung sub-district whose potential reached 150 ha. One of the obstacles to developing soybeans is low productivity making it less profitable for farmers. To address this, the regent said his office had asked the Ministry of Agriculture to develop new seeds of higher-yielding varieties. The Ministry of Research and Development has reportedly developed a variety of large-seeded Biosoy soybean that yields 2.4 tons / ha. Although production of soybeans in South Sulawesi Province has generally declined, for Maros Regency in the last three years production has increased, from 800-900 tons in 2017 to 1,013 tons in 2018, a y-o-y increase of 13.7%, and to to 1,049 tons in 2019, a 3.5% increase. In 2020 the trend is expected to continue with the Ministry of Agriculture allocating 200 hectares of assistance to Maros Regency. News here.
In related news, on July 16, the Director General of Food Crops of the Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture said that is necessary to develop superior soybean varieties that exceed the 3 tons per hectare threshold, reported here.
Seeds of high-yielding, drought-tolerant maize varieties for East Nusa Tenggara
To reinforce food and livelihood security of cattle ranchers and corn farmers during the ongoing Covid-19 stranglehold on the economy, the Ministry of Agriculture’s Cereals Plant Research Institute is distributing 15 tonnes of drought-tolerant maize seed to farmers in East Nusa Tenggara. The seed includes five varieties developed by the Agricultural Research and Development Agency. Yields average between 12 and 13.6 tonnes per hectare. Antara News reports
Pangdeglang receives 10 tonnes of maize seed
The Pandeglang District Agriculture Office, in the Banten Regency on the island of Java, is distributing superior hybrid corn seeds to farmers to accelerate corn planting. Assistance from the Ministry of Agriculture (called ‘Kementan’) amounts to 10.2 tonnes — sufficient for 680 hectares (ha). The accelerated planting results from a directive by the Minister of Agriculture (called ‘Mentan’), Syahrul Yasin Limpo, in anticipation of a world food crisis.
Crops, planting data for Maros, South Sulawesi
Areas under cultivation in the Maros Regency of Indonesia’s South Sulawesi Province have reached 26,205 hectares, with predicted production of 295,800 tons. The April-September target is 20,000 ha, of which 65 percent has now been reached. Specifically, in May, approximately 7,000 ha of the 8,312 ha target was reached — or approximately 84 percent. Planting will continue until the end of May. The rice fields planted are irrigated, with twice-yearly harvests, and average yields of 6 tonnes per ha. South Sulawesi plantings cover an area of 115 thousand hectares, with 86.5 thousand hectares of paddy. 9,500 hectares have been developed for dry land cultivation; 17,000 for swamp land cultivation; and 1,450 for residual free rice cultivation. Under a government program allocating rice seed assistance for 2 million ha, 1,200 ha in the Maros Regency are assisted.
BPTP Kepri chili cultivation innovation
BPTP Kepri (the Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology Indonesia) is providing technical guidance to chili farmers, including farm visits, with the aim of increasing production. Assistance in Tanjung Pinang, on the island of Bintan in the Riau Islands, began with the planting season last December and lasted through May. Technical guidance was carried out four times: before planting, during planting, while growing, and at harvest. Field visits occurred roughly once a week, depending on crop conditions. Monitoring was carried out also via phone apps. Co-op farmers were provided technical manuals for chili cultivation. The half-hectare demonstration plot featured: soil management; fertilizer fermentation on land for a minimum of 21 days’ mulch use; seedbeds treated with pesticides and fungicides; integrated pest and disease control; basic and supplementary fertilization on vegetation; and generative methods for leaching, watering and harvesting. On 17 May, 4,112 kg of green chili had been harvested, with another 600 kg of red chili still in the field.
Women’s group develops organic chilis
Some 40 women in the hamlet of Takedan, on the island of Bali, are developing various organic fruits and vegetables on a 2-acre plot as a hedge against food shortages during the Covid-19 pandemic. Their demonstration plot was initiated in 2019, thereafter receiving help from the central government for nurseries and development of organic plants. The women mostly visit their gardens afternoons after finishing housework. Plants grow well in the cool weather — chilis notably well, but also eggplant, bitter melon, and cucumber. Their crops, say the women, have eased household expenses during the Covid-19 pandemic and afforded confidence that they will always have enough to meet needs in the kitchen.
Gardening in Klungkung as a hedge against Covid-19
Orders are flooding into nurseries in Klungkung on the island of Bali as people take to gardening as a hedge against food shortages during the pandemic. Popular items include chili seed. The Puspa Sari Women’s Farmers Group chairman in Tusan Village says there are quite a lot of orders for plant seeds from residents: “Many workers who were laid off — rather than remaining stunned — have started gardening,” she said.
Preserving cassava’s genetic wealth locally
In October 2019, BPTP Kepri (the Assessment Institute for AgriculturalTechnology Indonesia) and associated agencies began collecting genetic information on varieties of cassava local to Bintan and the Riau Islands. As a result, “several local superior varieties are being developed, including varieties of Monggo Bintani, Bintani Heart, Sapat Hitam Gemilang and Sappat Putih Gemilang… on cassava plantations…[covering] 50 ha…[and] the cassava harvest will be in August 2020.”
South Sumatra and the Banyuasin Regency brace for food security
Banyuasin Regency in South Sumatra is one district capable of maintaining food security despite challenges arising from the Covid-19 plague. The regency contributes up to 33% of South Sumatra’s food supply, and is important nationally. As a result, plantings have been accelerated to meet anticipated needs. The target is to plant 53,013 hectares from April to September 2020. Agricultural land in Banyuasin covers 174,371 hectares including 148,658 hectares in tidal swamps and 25,713 hectares in lebak swamps. The total area of agricultural land available in South Sumatra Province is around 510,557 hectares.
North Sumatra’s North Tapanuli Regency maize seed distribution
The government in North Tapanuli Regency (Taput), North Sumatra distributed 154,500 kilograms of corn seeds to 447 farmer groups in 11 districts for planting on 10,300 hectares as part of a national food security program. Agriculture officers are expected to innovate and build enthusiasm among farmers as means of building food and livestock security, supported by mechanization, a good location, planting season and cropping patterns.
Installation of bamboo trellises and railings to combat Covid-19
The Task Force (Satgas) Food Security Covid-19 Lantamal VI is building bamboo rails and trellises to aid in propagating pumpkin, tomatoes, chili and string beans, among other vegetables, in Biringkanaya District, Makassar. Land is first hoed to clear weeds, then plowed using a tractor, and some thousands of cassava seedlings planted. To propagate the vegetables, bamboo slits, with a height of 1.5 – 2 meters, are placed close to the planting hole, to keep the plants from spreading out.
Cultivating strawberry to keep Covid-19 at bay
To show what can be achieved even during a pandemic, government workers in the Humbang Hasundutan Regency (Humbahas) are planting strawberry which successfully bears fruit on a narrow strip of land around their headquarters using plastic bags and organic Bios 41 fertilizer.
Covid-19 food security through greenhouses and aquaponics
Efforts to maintain and improve food security by government during the pandemic in Timur District include using vacant land to grow produce and building fish ponds. Elsewhere, the Central Kalimantan Regional Police food security program included building a greenhouse at Command Headquarters (Mako) in Ditpolairud Belanti Village. It is touted as “a breakthrough in maggot cultivation”. Meanwhile, aquaponic fisheries have been created at the Polairud headquarters in East Kotawaringin.
Dharmasraya paddy a surplus thanks to good seeds
The agriculture office of the Dharmasraya Regency has assured there will be sufficient rice supply in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic. According to Langgam Indonesia, 8 thousand hectares of paddy fields had been sown in the regency through to April 2020, which is anticipated to yield 40 thousand tonnes of grain. To increase production, the Dept of Agriculture has supported farmers with “superior seeds”, including one special variety (M70D) which is touted to yield 8.8 tonnes per hectare, about double standard yields, with ongoing trials looking to increase this further.
Purworejo farmers distributed certified superior rice, corn and soya seeds
Initiatives to address food security during the covid-19 pandemic are being carried out in the Purworejo Regency in the form of staple grain seed support. According to KRJOGJA.com, officials have distributed rice seeds for the second planting season of 2020, which will be used to plant 4,000 hectares. Furthermore, the government has allocated a budget to increase corn production with a target of 2,664 hectares of landowners. In addition, soybean cultivation programs will also be distributed to an area of 1,000 hectares in 16 districts.
‘Bio-soy’ varieties to fortify food security
‘Biosoy’ is a highlight of Indonesia’s latest efforts to attain food self-sufficiency, with the Agriculture Research and Development Agency procuring soybean seeds for distribution in five target provinces: Central Java, Yagyakarta, East Java, West Nusa Tenggara and South Sulawesi. The seeds reportedly can deliver plants that yield 3.5 tonnes per hectare, up to 18% higher than the usual, reports Antara News.
Ministry of Ag released ‘superior’ cotton seeds
Republika Indonesia reports that the Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture has released several new high-yielding and high-fibre “superior” varieties of cotton, citing the need and push to strengthen the local industry which has been plagued by low productivity
Maize harvest in South Sulawesi satisfactory
Sulselinfo.com reports that the governor of South Sulawesi has confirmed the satisfaction of successful trials of two hybrid maize varieties in Soppeng Regency and Bantaeng Regency.
RGL tangerines in high demand
Tangerines from Bermani Ulu Raya District, in the Rejang Lebong Regency of Bengkulu are enjoying strong demand and high prices for farmers. According to Republika Indonesia, usually farmgate prices for the citrus fruit would be falling, but since March the area has been the center of “superior tangerine production” especially for the the Rimau Gerga Lebong (RGL) variety, which has has enjoyed strong preference in the increasingly immune-boosting conscious market. Accordingly, no less than 500 hectares of RGL tangerines have been planted by farmers in their area. Of this, 200 hectares are undergoing harvest through to MAy, with the next harvest season to commence October-November.
Paddy cultivation bolstered in Riau Islands
The Anambas Islands regency government is working with provincial officials of the Riau Islands to support rice cultivation preparations in March and April ahead of transplanting, planned for this June, reports local news. In related news, government officials have begun distributing paddy seeds to farmers in a number of districts and subdistricts in the Indragiri Hulu Regency of Riau, on the island of Sumatra, reports Berazam.com
Disease, pest- resistant paddy varieties released
In early 2020, the Agricultural Research and Development Agency, Indonesian Center for Rice Research (BBPadi) has released new “INPARI 48 BlAS” varieties, which were bred by crossing varieties resistant to brown plant hopper with varieties shown to be resistant to leaf blast disease. The new varieties reportedly have an average yield of MPD of 7.64 tons per hectare with a potential yield of 9.13 tons per hectare. News here.
Indonesia govt drafting regulation for regional lockdowns to ensure open access of supplies
The Star Malaysia cites an unamed minister in saying the central government is expediating work on a regulation to stipulate the requirements and procedures for declaring regional lockdowns. The regulation is initiated in accordance with Article 10 of the 2018 Health Quarantine Law. The minister says the planned regulation might urge regions imposing lockdowns to open access for distribution of supplies during the quarantine period.
10 million palm oil farmers could be impoverished by total lockdown
The farmers have appealed to President Joko Widodo not to impose a total lockdown. Widodo said confining people to their homes would not be his priority, but he would focus on urging governors, regents and mayors to provide basic food supplies for people on low incomes, reports UCANews
Onion, garlic shortages
After onion shipments from China had been reduced in recent months, the price of onion has reportedly rose by a factor of 10, up to as much as 170,000 rupiah per kg, while garlic has reportedly rose up to 55,000 rupiah / kg from 35,000, before stabilizing at 45,000 rupiah. The trade ministry has thus issued permits to import 2,000 tonnes of onions and 90,000 tonnes of garlic, and 2.4 million tonnes of raw sugar, to bring prices down. Last year, Indonesia imported 111,934 tonnes of onions and 465,344 tonnes of garlic, while shipping in 3.96 million tonnes of raw sugar for households and industrie, according to Reuters
50 trillion Rupiah in micro finance to stimulate food crop cultivation
The Ministry of Agriculture has has agreed to cooperate with PT Bank Negara Indonesia in the country’s micro credit program (KUR) to desperse IDR 50 trillion (about 3 billion US$) worth of funds to develop food crop cultivation, such as rice, corn and soybeans, horticulture such as chillies, fruits, as well as plantation commodities such as coffee, cocoa and livestock commodities. Indonesian report here
Dutch Indonesian cooperation in horticulture
East West Seed Indonesia (EWINDO) received a visit from the Directorate General of Horticulture, Ministry of Agriculture (Kementan) Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality of the Netherlands, Jan-Kees Goet at the head office and main facilities of EWINDO in Purwakarta, West Java. The visit was part of a series of activities during the visit of King Willem-Alexander and Ratu Maxima from the Kingdom of the Netherlands to Indonesia along with 130 Delegations to strengthen the cooperative relations between the Government of Indonesia and the Netherlands in the Economy, including in the agricultural sector, and specifically horticulture.
Ministry of Agriculture bolsters paddy seed multiplication
Industry.co.id reports on efforts of Indonesian public sector to support the country’s rice planting targets through certification validation, ‘seed aid’ and seed corporations. According to the article the Ministry of Agriculture has recently been carrying out rice seed certification validation measures in accordance with OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) seed scheme guidelines. Furthermore, the ministry this year is providing assistance to rice seed breeders and multiplication farmers through the distribution of Registered Seed (Benih Pokok). Specifically, 250kg of two varieties of paddy were distributed to multiplication farmers in Purbalingga Regency, while further “seed aid” this year is planned to benefit rice planting across 2.4 million hectares around the country. The article also notes that Seed Corporations were established across the country in 2019 to promote seed self-sufficiency efforts.
Pandeglang Regency rice breeding
Industry.co.in reports on rice breeding activities being carried out across 1,000 ha of land in Pandeglang Regency, as part of a Regional-Based Rice Corporation activity initiated by the Ministry of Agriculture. Breeding sites are centered in two Subdistricts, namely Patia and Sukaresmi with several varieties in focus.
169 tonnes of free paddy seed distributed to Seluma farmer groups
Bengkuluekspress reports on an initiative by the Seluma government in coordination with the Department of Agriculture, under the Ministry of Agriculture to distribute 164.9 tonnes of rice seeds to farmers in the Seluma Regency of Bengkulu Province. According to the article, the rice seeds include 6,030 kg of highland varieties to be planted across 352 hectares; 2,650 kg of inland varieties for planting across 106 ha; 152,475 kg o hybrid or non-hybrid varities for 6,792 ha and 3,750 kg of organic rice seeds for planting on 150 hectares.
Ministry opens ‘Agriculture War Room’
The Jakarta Post reports on the latest efforts of Indonesia’s Agriculture Ministry to modernize, streamline and advance agricultural productivity through improved management and implementation of data sciences. According to the article the “Agriculture War Room” is a monitoring system that will “generate information on paddy fields, the fertilizer supply and harvest areas using advanced technologies like satellites, the Internet of Things (IoT) and artificial intelligence.”
Sigi maize center prospects
The Sigi Regency in Central Sulawesi stands to become a major corn production center thanks to a number of seed and cropping initiatives to boost productivity there in the past few years. According to an article on … the Sigi Regency Government has encouraged farmers in 15 sub-districts to focus on maize cultivation, which has high potential thanks to fertile soil suitable for this crop. This year, the Sigi Regency Government will reportedly develop about 5,000 hectares of land for the cultivation of corn, using several select varieties that will be developed in Sigi. Among them include Sumo NK variety, which is developed in the South Dolo District and can yield up to 15 tons per hectare. In 2019corn planting in Sigi Regency spanned as much as 10,000 hectares with an estimated production of six tons per hectare. The price of maize at the production level ranges from Rp 2,500 to Rp 3,000 per kg, and can featch up to 7,000/kg at the retail level. Most maize sold at the Palu marke for animal feed.
Boosting chili, onion shallot productivity through quality seeds
The Ministry of Agriculture has announced targets to boost productivity of chili and shallots by 7% annually, every year through to 2024. According to an article on katadata.co.id, the government is encouraging horticulturalists to take advantage of state resources to subsidize and finance crop cultivation of the target commodities. Moreover, the government is promoting the provisioning of superior seed varieties, application of environmentally friendly cultivation technology, irrigation and agricultural machinery. The article provides production figures and targets for chilis and shallots as follows: In 2019, production of large varieties of Indonesian capsicum (cabai besar) reached 1.27 million tons, with planting reported to have spanned 144,391 hectares ub 225 dusrrucrs of 33 provinces???, equating to productivity of 8.77 tons per hectare. The target to increase that to 1.35 million tons in 2020 and 1.77 million tons by 2024.. For smaller Indonesia chilis (Cabai rawit) production in 2019 reached 1.37 million tons, with a target in 2020 of 1.47 million tons and 1.92 million tons by 2024. This was grown across 177,581 hectares in 219 districts of 33 provinces, for productivity of 7.8 tons / hectare. Meanwhile, shallot shallot (Bawang merah) production in 2019 spanned 157,808 hectares in 175 districts of 33 provinces, with productivity averaging 9.62 tons / hectare, for a tottal 1.52 million tons. The target for 2020 is1.66 million tons and 2.13 million tons by 2024.
Superior durian seeds to be distributed to Lebak farmers
Antara Bengkulu reports on plans of a farme group in Sangkanwangi of the Lebak Regency to distribute some 70,000 seeds (buds or scions) of a “superior” variety of durian for farmers to cultivate locally using grafting or budding tehniques. The MK Hortimart durian fruit reportedly fetches between Rp. 250,000 to Rp. 350,000 per kilogram, while the price of the buds/scions are being sold for Rp. 70,000 / stem.
Interest in Porang grows
DECEMBER 2019 & JANUARY 2020
PVP rights, plant breeding spurs increased ag productivity, output
Medcom.id reports on PVP and breeding momentum in Indonesia. During the opening of an event to mark ‘Plant Variety Protection Week’ on December 18, 2019 in Jakarta, The Minister of Agriculture, Syahrul Yasin Limpo praised plant breeding and breeders for the continued improvement of agricultural productivity, especially through the development and release of superior varieties, which he said was a key factor for boosting productivity by some 15%. He noted that plant variety development is enabled and ensured in Indonesia through the PVP law (No. 29/2000). To mark the occasion, the minister presented an award to acknowledge the efforts of breeder and researcher, Achmad Baihaki, who was recognized for devoting himself for decades in advocacy for PVP implementation in Indonesia. Also quoted in the report, Head of the Center for Plant Variety Protection and Agricultural Licensing, Erizal Jamal, said that the number of PVP applications for newly-developed superior varieties continues to increase. Citing targets to increase “various commodities” by a minimum of 7 percent per year, and to triple exports of agricultural products by 2024, the PVP chief said that improved seeds and new, improved varieties would be key to accelerating productivity.
‘Superior’ new Aceh paddy lines yield national promise
Rice breeding efforts by the Institute of Research and Community Service (Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada or LPPM) and the Aceh Rice Research Center, Unsyiah in collaboration with the Aceh Agriculture and Plantation Office have yielded a number of promising new, high-yielding, stress-resilient (pest resistance as well as heat/drought tolerance) and early-maturing rice lines. According to a Serambi News report in Bahasa Indonesia, 538 new lines of Aceh local rice have been bred in a recent 7-year period spanning 2012 to 2019. From these, researchers have selected 15 of the best performing lines in terms of multiple abiotic and biotic stress trials. Average yields from initial trials range from 5.3 to 9.3 tons per hectare. To see and compare how the lines perform in other parts of the country, trials are now being carried out in Southwest Aceh, Aceh Besar, Pidie, Bireun, Malang, Blitar, Jember, and Bali.
High hopes for hybrid maize hub
Ministry of Agriculture officials together with provincial and district agriculture officers on December 16 presided over a hybrid maize seed (JH 37 research variety) harvesting event at a 60-hectare plot in the East Lampung district of Lampung Regency in South Sumatra. Some 107 hectares of land in Lampung Regency was planted with hybrid maize in 2019, which yielded 623,000 tonnes. and is part of a five-year trial aiming to bolster Indonesian hybrid maize seed capacity. Beyond Sumatra, also news from Tanah Laut Regency in South Kalimantan highlights 12.5 hectares harvested as part of three stages within the period. The first stage involves, strengthening farmer groups in the first year. The second focuses on development of farmers’ economic institutions in the third and fourth years. The third stage will look at strengthening the farmers’ marketing capacity in the final year. Planting was also initiated in November in North Sulawesi on 82.4 Ha JH Varieties 37.
Seed Sampling Training
The Ministry of Agriculture organized a training session for seed sampling officers in South Sulawesit 12 to 14 November. The activity supports strategy to improve capacity in seed sampling and testing officers in a push to promote quality seeds.